Standards are accepted or required bodies of knowledge that students must know and be able to do in every subject, at every grade. Testing or assessment often -- though not always -- measures how those standards are met. The education world is awash in standards and testing talk. It’s critical to understand.Contrary to what some believe, holding students to high standards doesn't equate to lower graduation rates or student achievement. A Friendship Public Charter School in Washington D.C., for instance, has the highest graduation rate of ANY high school in the nation's capital at 88.5 percent. Over in the City of Brotherly Love, the college enrollment rate for the inaugural class at Boys' Latin surpasses Philadelphia district averages. These schools and others are shattering the notion that raising the bar will actually lower statistics.